What is AMA?
is an abbreviation for the American Medical Association and it is the most
popular and widely used citation style in medical and scientific circles. Every
author that is publishing a manuscript in medical and scientific journals,
health journals or any other textbooks uses AMA citation format requirements.
As well as CSE or APA, ASA, AMA is well-known and popular, so it is easily recognized among other styles. However, there are still a few institutions that prefer sticking to less known guides. That is why your task is to ask your professor (or a company you are writing for) what citation style is preferred. In such a way you’ll deliver a complete manuscript that clearly refers all the contributors from source texts.
History of AMA citation
the moment we use the 10th AMA Citation edition. But first it was introduced as
AMA Manual of Style: Guide for Editors and Authors and since then has been the
basic document for the American Medical Association.
these guidelines were written by the Journal of American Medical Association
editors and then reprinted in Oxford University Press.
guidelines act as a basis for writing and citing sources in research and
medical communities. The latest edition has been just updated and gives
students a chance not only to cite sources properly but also contains online
information like quizzes, blogs, and tips.
AMA citation style: its format
well as guidelines for any other formatting styles, AMA follows clear
recommendations and contains a full set of requirements to make sure that
authors clearly refer source texts and are able to give proper credit to other
scientists and researchers.
are lucky to live in 2019 because some time ago writers had to follow all the
requirements from A to Z on their own. Nowadays, with the advancement of
technologies, developers introduced us to a set of tools, which allow citing
sources automatically. For example, MS Word contains a built-in citation
instrument, where you can choose the required formatting style and simply wait
while the program will do the rest (but you should still check the result
AMA citation guidelines
Medical Association created a guide to make sure that all the citations are
consistent and clear. Its 10th edition indicates how different sources should
be cited considering the medium of the original paper.
first and the most important thing you need to remember is that every time you
want to use the ideas of other authors, it is necessary to acknowledge the
original source. Such rules apply to the majority of works, including essays
and lab reports, presentations, posts, research papers and much more. There are
even AMA citation examples in textbooks.
example, the above references were taken from the AMA Manual of Style:
Guide for Editors and Authors.
source must be cited using Arabic numbers. These are the numbers that most of
us use in regular life -1,2,3. To compare, Roman numerals are totally different
( I, II, III) and have a completely different meaning, so you shouldn’t use
them in your citations.
should be placed outside periods or commas, as well as inside colons or
semicolons. We have provided examples further in the text.
there are several citations, a comma without space should be placed between
every number and series should be jointed together with hyphens.
citation example: International Health Institution has conducted its own
citation example: The results were as follows (7,8:)
series example: As it was already stated, (11-13,56)
on AMA citation format requirements, the author must cite every source and
reference using numerical order or superscript.
is a writing style when the text is situated a bit above the regular text line
and the font size is smaller.
are the peculiarities you need to keep in mind:
in-text citations follow a numerical order through the whole text;
citations and a reference list are marked with the same numbers;
reference list is marked numerically (not alphabetically).
quote, source or reference must contain citations based on AMA requirements.
They include data from text, figures, statistics, and tables. If you are citing
a direct quote, you should use quotation marks.
page numbers may be optional even though some tutors require them.